Demand for Instruments

The demand for instruments is establishing the needs, expectations and experiences to date on the take-up of ecosystem services concepts for a wide range of end users and stakeholders.  

An important aspect is to understand the time, budget, data, and institutionally-imposed constraints under which users and stakeholders operate. Of equal importance is to understand stakeholder perceptions of the ‘reframing’ and constituency-building potential of the concepts, for example in changing discourses and rationales for action, and also their communication and teaching power.


Analysis is structured around:

  1. broad user and stakeholder engagement 
  2. broad definition of ‘instruments’ and their uses
  3. a wide audit of policies, strategies and commitments where integration could be pursued or which could benefit from integration
  4. coverage of different policy domains, different levels of governance, public and private sector
  5. coverage of different types of ecosystem, natural capital and ecosystem services; and coverage of experience to date

Analysis is top-down, bottom-up and (to anticipate emerging needs and issues) forward looking. It is shortlisting priority instruments for development and is making preliminary assessments of both the technical potential for ecosystem services integration within them and the value-adding potential of ecosystem services integration.



Stakeholder/user workshops are serving a a dual role as an opportunity to obtain insight into what defines implementation ‘success’ for stakeholders, which is important in establishing criteria for designing and appraising market implementations.